PAVEL A. KAZANTSEV, architect, Ph.D.
Ph.D. architecture (Moscow Architectural Institute, 1992), docent (1997), professor of Architectural dep. FEFU, member of Union architects of Russia (1999),ISES silver member, Laureate of "National ecology award" (Moscow, Federal parlament, 2009)
POSTER "Passive solar houses" (Rus)
GREEN BUILDING RUSSIA: SUSTAINABLE DESIGN & SOLAR HEATING HOUSES: VLADIVOSTOK
Take into account ecological problems of Russian Far East and future developing APEC 2012 on Russky island, my intention was to work out low- and middle-price design of solar heating houses for 40-50 latitudes north. The starting-point for experience was solar house “P” designed by Institute of High Energy (polygon “Solntse”) in 1980th. Experimental design and graphics search allow to define preferable for temporary-monsoon climate architectural forms, as it was verify by mathematic modeling by IPMT FEB RAS. The innovation design in the fields of low-storey passive solar forms propose in 2006, and confirm by RF state patents on useful model №65926 (2007) №103374 (2010), and patent on invention №2342507 (2008). Based on patenting form few main types of passive solar buildings propose: Solar-5 “EcoHouse” 57% passive solar heating dwelling are about 78,7 sq. m., 93,7 sq. m. and 108,7 sq. m. (in cooperation with IPMT FEB RAS); 50% passive solar heating eco-tourists Solar-5M “EcoModule” are about 36,0 and 48,0 sq.m. (in cooperation with “Technopark” FENTU); and Solar-S versions "EcoHouse" and “EcoDacha”("countru house") are 80.0 and 55.0 sq.m as simplify variant of patenting form. Latest Solar-K proposed for cold climate zone (2011). All Green design houses also propose for "Hundegger" Germany line technology
US Green building professional directory http://directory.greenbuilder.com/details.gbpro?dgbproID=1942
All Solar projects examples (Latest article, Rus) http://agency.archi.ru/news_current.html?nid=38487
Projects in description (Rus): http://pavel-vladiv.livejournal.com/23868.html
download poster pdf http://narod.ru/disk/24453330001/V_08.09_solar_houses_2012_forma.pdf.html
Архитектор Павел Казанцев ® 29.12.2009 e-mail: email@example.com с. 25-87-224
PAVEL A. KAZANTSEV's short CV: Ph.D. architecture (Moscow, Moscow Architectural Institute, 1992), docent (1997), professor of Design department FENTU (2006-2011), professor of Architectural department FEFU (2011), member of Union architects of Russia (1999), ISES silver member, RSABC Russian sustainable architecture and building council assotiate member; Laureate Energy Globe World Award 2010/11 in category Earth (the World award for sustainability: http://www.energyglobe.com/en/award/press-room/press-photos/ ); laureate of National ecology award "ECOWORLD" (Moscow, Federal parlament of RF, 2009, for solar projects and sustainable education course in FEFU); 1st degree diploma of URA for Solar-5 design (Moscow, international Green projects 2010); federal awards in cooperation with IMTP FEB RAS: Gold medal of "Alternative energetics" international exhibition (Moscow, 2008), Bronze Saint Georgy of "High technology of XXI c." international exhibition (Moscow, 2007); federal award for students green projects (Moscow, Moscow state university, 2008, 2010). Regional awards for solar projects and sustainable education course: 2001 (Vladivostok), 2005 (Khabarovsk), 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 (Vladivostok), 2011 bronze diploma for Solar-K (Nizny Novgorod) Author of 18 realized architectural projects and more than 50 projects, leading tutor of Sustainable design educational course in Architectural Institute of FENTU (four years program include theoretical and practice lessons), author of book "Principles of sustainable architecture and design...". Since 1999 before present time 29 students teach by author in framework of Sustainable design educational course become the winner of regional and international competitions, include Most favourite poster award of The World Sustainable Building Conference students session Tokyo 2005. Conferences: SB05, Tokyo; 3 WEEC, Turin, 2005; SB ASIA 2007, TIA 2007, Krems; RENEXPO'2005, 2006 and 2007,Germany, Augsburg; ISES Solar housing in Europe academy, Frieburg, 2006; North Sun 2007, Moscow state university (MGU) Renevable energy school, 2006, 2008, 2010 (CV RUS http://pal-antvlad.narod2.ru/cv/ )
Picture below - hipermarket PARUS, architect Kazantsev, ing. Slusareva, 2005
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN PERSPECIVE FOR RUSSIAN FAR EAST
.ECO (Torino, Italy)
Russian history of mountainous and wooded (taiga) Usury region continue only one hundred and half - two hundred years. Russians, Ukrainians and Byelorussians, coming here from European part of Russian empire in 1800 -1860, did not study the natives building traditions. Settlers build new houses as their ancestors built on East Europe plains hundred years ago. The master plans of Vladivostok and other Russian cities were designed as classical block of houses plan with streets oriented on the main parts of horizon. So such streets became wind tunnels crossing the hills, with continuous uniform buildings of all - southern and northern – relief parts.
The situation was aggravated by multistory uniform dwellings (five – nine story “boxes”) appearing in 1960 – 1970, when Soviet government aspire to provide new settlers the minimum price flats. Central design institutes from Moscow and Leningrad (St. Petersburg) had not full and detail information’s about local climatic conditions. For economize building materials they designed building walls without sufficient heat insulation, and place such buildings on open to all winds peaks of the hills to minimize distance from city center and harbor. 40% of living rooms in such houses as a rule were opening to north part of horizon without sun. In winter conditions air temperature in such living rooms is not exceed +14C.
So, the problem decided by centralize heating of all dwellings from central heat power stations, burn down thousands tons of Siberian coal and black mineral oil. Now the citizens of such districts try to defend their yards from wind to plant the trees, add walls insulation of their flats and turn open balconies into likeness of winter gardens. We must understand that Russia development peculiarities and traditions as a country with enormous resources of oil, gas and coal are suppress (restrain) the development of native sustainable design and solar energy technologies for dwelling. Usually people in charge think that the heating problems of residential area of Far Eastern and East Siberian cities can be decided to give the regions more Siberian oil and especially Sakhalin gas in future. The large scale projects of Pacific Ocean oil and gas pipe-lines are very remunerative for state and private companies as a result of today’s higher price of energy raw materials.
So it is out of the question to propose the national state policy of the sustainable design development for Russian Far East region now. We can say today about first signs of private builder’s interests to solar technology only. .
Collide with monthly growth prices of energy raw materials and hot water service people aspire to find independence from large-scale companies and dwelling service (communal) structures turn round to “free of charge” sun shine. Solar water collectors from China and German are in demand among 5-7% of private dwelling owners in Vladivostok suburbs now. But usually it is attempts to equip solar system to traditional architecture building, forms and orienting of roof and facades of which is not suitable for solar water collectors and photovoltaic placing. At the same time owners as a rule do not think about passive solar design features and open glazing and winter gardens to windy and twilight parts of horizon compensate this by growth of solar panels number.
Meanwhile take into account Chinese immigration problem the Russian government plans are to organize third wave of settlers to provide twofold growth of Russian language population in nearest future. So it is very attractive for people in charge to economize building materials to give the new settlers low price single family wooden shield houses without sufficient heat insulation and solar technology. It is not mistake – first 400 low price buildings village “Radovo” will be appear on the north part of the hills in Vladivostok suburbs during next two – three years. Though get solar technologies only to existing houses in south part of Russian Far East we can economize 71 000 ton of organic fuel. .
For future residential areas in south of Russian Far East Architectural institute FESTU (architect Pavel A. Kazantsev) and Non traditional energetic laboratory of IMTP FEBRAS (active solar system design: doctor Oleg P. Kovalev with leading engineer Alexandr V. Volkov) propose perspective model of low price single family solar house “Solar-5” using passive and active solar technology methods based on simple longitudinal wooden frame construction. It is not masterpiece but ordinary house of suburban building. Owners will have three living area houses type change the frame number from six to eight: 78,7 sq. m.; 93,7 sq. m.; 108,7 sq. m
Do not examine details of design decisions note that during the five most cold winter days (air temperature 24C below zero) 38% of heating requirements compensate by passive solar design only. In usually winter conditions (-14C) direct gain of thermal mass and Thromb wall compensate 57% of heating requirements. Including solar water collectors during all winter heating season from November to March inclusive we can compensate 81% of heating requirements. Double heating system design for house also – 6 kilowatt electric power boiler. Characteristic feature of “Solar-5” house is submission of its form not only season changes of sun coordinates but the directions of winter wind also. Inclination of roof to winter wind, north facade without window and heat insulation with internal heat reflecting surface allow to reduce heat loss almost on 37% compare with traditional houses that usually building in our region m
Choose solar design we understand that solar dwelling is long distance “runner”. If usually design houses are “sprinters” – cheaply and at once moment, the same square solar house is 15-25% more expensive than wooden shield houses and be worth while (repay) after 5 – 7 years. Economical wooden shield house after 5-6 hours without boiler heating became a “fridge” in winter conditions of Russian Far East. But in the consequence of its primary low price wooden shield house seems more preferable for large investition in building in regional economy situation, when middle level of monthly pay (wages) approximately is 290 euro.
It is English language version of Pavel Kazantsev's article, published in .ECO – Italian magazine with the great help of Silvia Zaccaria, Torino
PRINCIPLES of SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN. THEORY AND PRACTICE FOR STUDENTS AND PROFESSIONALS. ALBUM of PROJECTS
Pavel A. Kazantsev, 2008/2009. ISBN 978-5-7596-0901-8
A4 SIZE BOOK, 118 PAGES, MORE THAN 600 COLORED ILLUSTRATIONS AND SCHEMES OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND BIOCLIMATIC LANDSCAPE DESIGN PROJECTS, WORK OUT IN ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE OF FENTU FOR THE LAST 10 YEARS. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE and ENGLISH ANNOTATION. 30$ without postal expenses
MORE INFORMATION http://pal-antvlad.narod2.ru/book/
BUILD IT SOLAR
solar houses Solar-Astra, Solar -3M, Solar-K, Solar-S, Solar-9: architect Pavel Kazantsev; Solar-K - Pavel Kazantsev, Ekaterina and Irina Movchan; Solar-S - Pavel Kazantev and Elena Kalynziga; Solar-Astra - Pavel Kazantsev and Anna Lashko
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN EDUCATION COURSE
Since 1999 in Architectural Institute* of FESTU, Vladivostok, Russia, students began to study a practical course of sustainable design as a logical continuation of the "Architectural climatology" lectures for third year students. Besides lectures today it is possible to say about system of the sustainable design tasks for future architects - five steps of green design education from study of theoretical base to diploma project.
The course begin from 9 lectures first of all examine bioclimatic design principles as basic principles of ecological or sustainable architecture. The course take into attention climate conditions of Russian Far East region: dry, very cold and sunny winter with strong wind; humid, windy and cold spring almost before July; humid and stuffy summer with strong wind and rain when the tropical hurricane came. Basic topics of my course are: Architectural examine of climatic conditions; Wind and build forms; Energy-efficiency design and solar architecture; Traditional architecture of different climate zones. First compulsory task for third year students carry out after lectures finished is design for open space the simple architectural forms with wind break and solar heating possibility. For example students design 10-12 children placing Cover-solarium for kindergarten territory. The aim of this task is to examine connections between changes of open architectural form and microclimatic conditions in its borders. Geometrical parameters of architectural form changes can change direction and speed of the wind as well as concentrate and reflect direct solar rays. As a result the comfortable microclimate parameters of open human space in cold and warm season will achieve. It is just what I want my students understand before than they continue their design for dwelling and public spaces. .
Design of low storey dwelling with passive solar heating (Direct gain, Indirect gain and Isolated gain methods) and solar hot water collectors is second compulsory practice task for four year students. Project of three-five floors building reconstruction with design of architectural forms and interior views of “Solar attic floor”, with previously calculation of passive and active solar system, is the volume of task for student in spring semester. The Non-traditional energetic laboratory of Institute Marine Technology Problems FEBRAS staff are attract for consultation during this lessons. Appreciate of students "Solar dwelling" design are confirm by participation at top 50 world professional exhibition RENEXPO®2005 by invitation of organizing committee. From the beginning of 2005 "Ecology tower for Vladivostok" design continue the sustainable design education compulsory tasks for five year students. Studying and modify of famous Ken Yang "Ecology skyscraper" conception for our cold climate conditions students apply not only bioclimatic but sustainable design methods for their projects. So this task is key task for crossing to sustainable or green structures design from bioclimatic educational level.
"Ecology tower" educational design task was examined during international workshop collaboration with Ph.D. candidate of Tokyo University ISS Martin Gomes Tagle for different places in the world climate conditions: Mexico, Tokyo, Sydney, Santo-Domingo and Arizona at November 2005. The international sustainable design workshop tradition continues at May 2006 as Scott peninsula solar dwelling design in the framework of “ArhIdea” festival in Vladivostok. Teachers and students teams from five Asian-Pacific region countries took part in. Alternative task in spring semester 2006 for five year student was “Museum of Nature for California” design. As we recognize that bionic is part of Sustainable architecture main stream to study the connections between bioclimatic and bionic forms in design process are very important. So in 2006 US Nature museum of California student competition gave an opportunity for in differ from Russia Far East nature conditions.
Sustainable diploma projects subjects are very different as a rule but connect with regional ecology and nature preserving. There are such projects as "Conception of marine museum center design for Far Eastern Maritime Preserve - Architectural implant" by Julia Korkina (2001), "Conception of renovation of Botanical garden-institute FEBRAS" near Vladivostok by Elena Danilova and Alexandra Vagner (2003), or "Sustainable design center for Vladivostok" by Tatiana Belousova, "Ginseng land” ecology tourism center" by Ekaterina Lejnenko or "Landscape-ethnography center" by Natalija Galanina in 2005. 2007 graduates design “Sun service” astrophysical educational and research center”, “Marine research center of biotechnologies and submarine engineering for FEBRAS”; “Vladivostok SOLAR BRIDGE” marine sustainable dwelling” (You can see SOLAR BRIDGE at http://www.asiasustainabilitynet.upc.edu/virtual_conferece.html); “De-Freez landscape center” and others. .
After finishing of theoretical basis sustainable projects carry out by students of Design faculty finished their studying at 2001 - Single family solar house and diploma project; at 2003 - Cover-solarium for kindergarten, Coastal solarium center for Vladivostok and diploma project; at 2005 and future 2007 graduate students - Cover-solarium for kindergarten (third year), Solar attic floor or Solar dwelling complex (four year), Ecology tower for Vladivostok (five year students) and diploma projects. With this year students there are more than 60 “green” graduates. The main thesis of sustainable design course made a report at Third World Ecological educational congress 3WEEC (poster session, Torino, Italy in 2005); The World sustainable building conference SB05 (Tokyo, 2005); and RENEXPO®2006 exhibition (Augsburg, Germany; with REECO great helps).
This education course may be evaluate as private initiative and had no support from local and federal authorities
ENGLISH LANGUAGE PUBLICATIONS
Solarthermalworld (Germany) about Solar-5
Ökologisches Bauen in Russland:
SUSTAINABLE BUILDING ASIA 2007, SEUL , KOREA, proceeding;
BIOCLIMATIC COMFORT EVALUATIONS FOR VLADIVOSTOK and IT’S ISLAND TERRITORIES. Pavel A. Kazantsev, Vladivostok, FENTU
VIRTUAL CONFERENSE OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN AND URBAN PLANNING, BARCELONA SPAIN, 2007
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN EDUCATION TASKS IN ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE OF FESTU. Pavel A. Kazantsev,Vladivostok,
TV AUSTRIA about Energy Globe
NORTH SUN ISES, RIGA LATVIA, 2007 SOLAR HOUSE DESIGN FOR COLD CLIMATE ZONE. Pavel A. Kazantsev, Alexandr V. Volkov, Olag P. Kovalev Vladivostok
DESIGNO SOSTENIBILE NELLA RUSSIA ORIENTALE 2006
La casa russa, dall'architettura tradizionale, a quella sovietica fino .... Architetto Pavel A. Kazantsev
SUSTAINABLE BUILDING DESIGN BOOK TOKYO 2005
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN COURSE FOR FUTURE ARCHITECTS. Pavel A. Kazantsev, Vladivostok, FENTU
3 WEEC TORINO, ITALY, 2005
Pavel A. Kazantsev. Sustainable design education for future architects
ARCHI-WORLD ABOUT SOLAR-5
PUBLICATIONS IN RUSSIAN PRESS http://pal-antvlad.narod2.ru/apec_2012/
GREENDEVELOPMENT: CRE №7(136)/1-15.04.10
TITLE PAGE RUS http://pal-antvlad.narod2.ru/
OTHER STUDENTS PROJECTS
Архитектор Павел Казанцев ® 29.12.2009 с. 587-224
® Pavel A. Kazantsev, Ph.D., ISES silver member
Vladivostok, RUSSIA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
FEFU: FAR EASTERN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, ARCHITECTURE & URBAN PLANNING DEPARTMENT. 690990 PUSHKINSKAYA STREET 10 VLADIVOSTOK RUSSIA